Bridge is a trick-taking card game consisting of counting the number of tricks taken. It is practiced with a deck of 52 cards, by four players, opposing two teams composed of two partners.
Several card games comparable to whist have been listed since the beginning of the 16th century. These are all trick games, with lots of minor variations. Whist became the dominant game and had many practitioners for three centuries.
In the 1890s, the ability for the dealer to choose the trump card became popular in the United States and the United Kingdom. The resulting game was called bridge whist whose etymological origin would come from the Russian biritch although there are other theories1. In 1904, an auction phase was set up to determine which player would designate the trump suit.